Nerve Pain

Nerve Pain: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments

Nerve pain is a symptom of many different conditions, including cancer, HIV, and diabetes. Nerve pain can be frustrating and life-changing.

It may also feel like burning, the sudden shock of electricity and pinpricks. Nerve pain can directly disrupt your physical and economic life. It can limit your ability to work. A survey shows that people with nerve pain have higher rates of sleep problems, depression and anxiety.

If you are patient of HIV, or cancer, dealing with and resolving nerve pain can be especially hard. Nerve pain cannot always be cured. However, it can be treated, and nowadays there are many options to treat it.

Causes of Nerve Pain

Nerve Pain Causes

Countless nerves are present in the brain and make a nervous system. These nerves convey sensations from body to brain; these sensations can be a pain in any part of the body. Nerves pain can also be due to the damage of nerves from physical injury or disease.

•    Cancer and other tumours – Tumors and cancer can cause nerve pain. As they grow, tumours can press the surrounding nerves. Sometimes, the treatment for cancer, such as chemotherapy, and other drugs can cause nerve damage that may lead to severe pain.

•    HIV – HIV can also cause nerve damage resulting in severe pain. One-third of the people who have HIV, experience nerve pain. Treatment with antiretroviral drugs can also lead to nerve damage.

•    Diabetes – Diabetes is a common cause of nerve damage. The high glucose level in blood can also injure the nerves.

•    Shingles – This can be followed by a condition called postherpetic neuralgia. Pain caused due to this condition can be severe.

•    Physical injuries – Physical injuries can cause crushing and compression of nerves.

There are very few examples of disease that can cause nerve damage. However, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-barre syndrome, Lyme disease and alcoholism can cause nerve damage and pain.

Symptoms of Nerve Pain

As you know, symptoms of nerve pain and damage can vary from person to person. At some time, your nerve can become hypersensitive. In this condition, objects that feel painless, i.e. touching your arm with a hand, or sensation of a bed sheet on your body can become painful.

Symptoms of nerve Pain

Damage to the sensory nerves doesn’t only cause pain. Sensory nerves carry sensory information towards the central nervous system.  It may also include:

•    Tingling

•    Numbness

•    Prickling

•    Loss of relaxes

While in severe cases, simple nerve damage can lead to problems in breathing and digestion, and sometimes paralysis.

Diagnosis of nerve pain

If you feel that you have nerve pain. Alternatively, in other words, the pain you are feeling is due to nerve pain, you should immediately seek the help of a doctor. Usually, the diagnosis of nerve pain is fairly easy and simple, but in some cases, this can be very tricky even for doctors.

Your doctor may need to run some lab tests. You will also need a neurological exam, and other tests like CT scan, MRI and electromyographic.

Treatment of Nerve Pain

Nerve Pain Treatment

If the nerve pain is caused due to other conditions like HIV, diabetes, or cancer, then getting treatment for the underlying medical disease should be the priority. However, in many cases, the treatment of an underlying medical condition might not help treat nerve pain.

The specific and suitable treatment for nerve pain may vary. It depends on the patient’s health, underlying causes, cost and risk of side effects.


The specific type of antidepressants can help to relieve nerve pain. According to research, using them along with anticonvulsants may have more significant benefits than using alone. Some studies have shown that antidepressants may only help with diabetic nerve pain, they might not help with nerve pain caused by HIV or cancer.


Opioid painkillers might be the first choice for people with severe pain or nerve pain which is caused by cancer. However, for other kinds of nerve pain, the doctor may prescribe a pain reliever and antidepressants. You may buy codeine online without the prescription of the doctor. These drugs produce calming effects in the body and relieve the pain.

Topical Treatment

Some OTC treatments like lotion, cream and gels can ease nerve pain. This technique work best for a pain that is isolated in specific areas on your skin.


This drug was developed to treat epilepsy which is a neurological disorder. However, it can also help control nerve pain. It can be used with antidepressants, to increase its effects,

Electrical Simulation

Some treatments use electrical stimulation to block the pain messages sent by nerves. These include TENS or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and rTMS or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Both of these treatments are painless while some other electrical simulations techniques are more complex and require surgery.

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes don’t directly affect the nerve pain, but it increases the comfort level of a patient. Making some changes in daily life can help you to feel better and ease discomfort.

No Comments

Post A Comment